If you experience blurred or distorted vision, you might have macular degeneration. At Chicago Glaucoma Consultants - CGC Eye Center, a team of board-certified ophthalmologists and surgeons can monitor and treat your condition closely to improve eye health. To schedule an appointment at one of the offices in Glenview or Chicago, Illinois, call the practice or book online today.
Macular degeneration develops when the central part of your retina, known as the macula, deteriorates. You’re able to see because the retina records the images in front of you. Images are sent through your optic nerve and to your brain. Your retina allows you to recognize people, see details in everything, and read a book.
There are two types of macular degeneration:
Dry macular degeneration affects 80-90% of people. The cause is unknown, but it might be related to age. Small yellow or white deposits develop over time on your retina, causing the degeneration of your macula.
Wet macular degeneration affects 10-15% of people and can cause severe vision loss in 90% of those who have it. When abnormal blood vessels under the retina grow toward the macula, fluid leaks, causing retinal damage. The wet type can cause rapid loss of your central vision.
Dry macular degeneration is usually painless and tends to show symptoms over time. Symptoms include:
Since the dry type is more gradual, you may not notice the severity of the condition until central vision decreases over time.
The wet type of macular degeneration is a more severe form and connected to abnormal blood vessel leakage, which can cause a quick onset of more pronounced symptoms.
These symptoms are similar to dry macular degeneration, but you may also experience blurry or blank spots in your central vision.
If you have dry or wet macular degeneration, your eye doctor might recommend healthy lifestyle changes. This would include eating a nutritious diet, not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, taking vitamin supplements, and protecting your eyes from the sun.
Your provider might also suggest you take medications or undergo low vision rehabilitation, injections, laser treatment, or surgery to implant a telescopic lens into your eye. Although there is no cure for macular degeneration, the condition is manageable.
To schedule a consultation with the experts at Chicago Glaucoma Consultants - CGC Eye Center, call one of the offices or book your appointment online today.